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I. Vocabulary: Define and use in a sentence.
- Wigwam (p.2)
- Shilling (p.14)
- Truck master (p.14)
- Epidemic (p.15)
- Wampum (p.23)
- Barricade (p.31)
- Talisman (p.49)
- Tricorne (p.75)
- Fusil (p.75)
- Smallpox (p.97)
II. Questions to Discuss:
- Who are the “winter people”?
- Who is the narrator of the story? Why did his family go to live in the St. Francis village?
- How did the English interpret the Abenaki custom of exchanging weapons (p.12)?
- What reasons (p.15) did Saxso give to explain why the Indians took captives?
- Was Chief Gill an Abenaki? Explain your answer.
- What kinds of houses did the Abenaki live in? What did the village look like?
- Saxso talks about trade with the Fort at No. 4. Why do you think the Abenaki traded with settlers sometimes and fought with them at other times?
- According to the novel (p.70), how did Robert Rogers behave differently from his men during the raid on St. Francis?
- Why do you think Chief Gill bit the rattlesnake? Have you ever done anything to prove yourself? Explain your answer.
- How did Saxso get his nickname “Two Sticks”? Do you have a nickname? If so, how did you get it?
- Describe how Saxso used his training and beliefs to rescue his mother and sisters.
- Why do you think the Stockbridge warrior let Saxso and his mother go (p.147)?
- What had really happened to Chief Gill’s son after he was captured?
- How does this novel add to your understanding of the historical events of 1759?
- Why does the author feel it is so important to “keep summer in your heart”? What does that mean to you?
III. Extended Research Options
- Find out current information about the St. Francis village in Quebec, Canada.
- Write a report about Robert Rogers and the role he played during this time period.
- Read more Native American myths that feature Gluskabe.
- Visit the Fort at No. 4 Living History Museum website at www.fortat4.com and gather information about the capture of the Johnson family. How does this novel add to your understanding of the Johnson’s experience?
- Compare this author’s account with Robert Rogers’ Journal of 1765 which is found at the end of the book in the Author’s note.
- Using materials from the art classroom, construct a replica of an Abenaki canoe. The process is described in the book on p. 84.
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